Education in Uganda


The majority of literate Ugandans go through two basic levels of education i.e. primary and secondary schools and very few make progress to university and other tertiary institutions. For the period 1986-2004, enrolment in primary schools rose from 2,203,824 to 7,377,292 and 123,479 to 697,507 in secondary schools. Out of these students, some Ugandans had a chance to attain pre-primary (pre-school) education from 59,829(795 schools) in 2001 to 64,484 pupils in 2003(893 schools).

However, due to low response rates in the annual school census 2004, only pupils were registered from 538 schools. The gap between primary and secondary school enrolments is very big, an indication that most Ugandans stop at primary level of education since very few join post-primary institutions. For example in 2004 only 32,047 were enrolled in post-primary institutions compared to 7,377,292 and 697,507 enrolled in primary and secondary schools respectively.

Figure 2 shows that the gap widened much further when UPE was introduced in 1997. Given that UPE programme has been in place for eight (8) years, it is a big challenge for the government and other stakeholders to manage the UPE thrust for the beneficiaries to continue to secondary and post-primary institutions in 2004 and beyond.