Pre-Primary and Primary Education Department

The  Department has two Divisions:  Pre-Primary and Primary


To  provide the lead in the overall coordination, overseeing, regulation, policy  direction, guidance and advise on all matters regarding Basic Education with  priority at achieving equity, quality, relevancy and efficiency.


  1. Ensure  increased access, quality and equity in Pre and Primary Education.
  2. Ensure  timely dissemination of policy information and guidelines to all stakeholders.
  3. Coordinate  and liase with District and Municipal authorities on all matters concerning  Pre- and Primary Education.
  4. Provide  optimum monitoring of Pre- and Primary Education activities.


  1. Develop  strategies for improving the quality of Pre and Primary Education.
  2. Develop  and ensure implementation of appropriate policies, plans and guidelines for  effective coordination and management of Pre and Primary Schools.
  3. Guide,  monitor and evaluate the implication of set policies and guidelines, on the teaching  and learning process, in collaboration with the stakeholders. 
  4. Ensure  effective and timely feedback from all stakeholders of Basic Education.
  5. Ensure  sufficient capacity to manage quality teaching and learning process in the  schools. 
  6. Ensure  there is value for money in the programmes run under the Department.
  7. Ensure  oversight and appraisal of all staff under Basic Education Department. 
  8. Ensure  continuous improvement of all staff under Basic Education Department - Initiate  capacity development programmes for all.
  9. Develop  annual budgets for the Department.


I        Improve quality and  relevancy of Education 

  1. The  Primary Education curriculum has been revised to address reduction of the  workload and relevancy of the subjects and content, making learning more skills  based than knowledge based.  Introducing  the Thematic Curriculum for P1 to P3, and the use of Local Languages as a  medium of instruction at that level.
  3. The  District Teachers' ceilings were opened to allow for recruitment of 10,000 more  teachers to reduce the Pupil to Teacher ratio from 85:1 to 53:1 currently. 
  4. PLE  Results have continued to indicate improved performance of candidates for the  last three years running.
  5. A  15% increase to the teachers' salary, implemented this financial year is  intended to improve upon their welfare so as to provide quality education.
  6. The  learning framework for ECD has been developed to streamline quality teaching at  all ECD centers.
  7. We  have continued to monitor both Pre and Primary schools in the country.

II       Improved equitable access to education 

  1. The  number of girls and boys accessing school today is almost equal i.e. 49.5%  girls and 50.5% boys (reduced gender parity).
  2. Enrolment  has continued to raise from 2.2 million in 1996 to 8.3 million pupils in  primary schools currently. 
  3. More  classrooms and schools have been constructed and furnished. 
  4. The  completion rate for both boys and girls at Primary Education has continued to  rise for the last three years. 
  5. Support  to District Education Officers started this Financial Year and is intended to  enhance monitoring at District/Municipal levels.

III     Improved Effectiveness and Efficiency

  1. The  Department and District/Municipal Authorities have continued to crack down on  the ghost schools, ghost teachers and ghost pupils.
  2. Recent  reports from our monitoring exercise have indicated a reduction in teachers'  absence at school.
  3. We  have continued to encourage the District and Municipal Authorities to equally  distribute the teachers within their ceiling to all their schools using the new  teacher allocation formula.


    • The  proposed continued raise of teachers' salaries is intended to improve upon  their morale to provide quality education.
    • We  intend to continue recruiting teachers to improve upon the teacher pupil ratio.
    • Implementation  of the Teachers' Scheme of Service addresses part of their welfare.
    • The  support to District Education Officers started this Financial Year should  continue to be improved upon to enhance monitoring at District level.

    • There  is need to improve upon the UPE Capitation Grant allocated per pupil, per year  from the current 7,000 to at least 10,000=.
    • There  is need for construction of more classrooms and schools in some Districts.
    • There  is need to construct more teachers' houses.
    • There  is need to revisit some of the guidelines on Community participation e.g. the  provision of lunch to pupils at schools.